The revised ending, per which Arthur returns Golagros’s lands, vindicates both Arthur’s pre-eminence and virtue and Golagros’s claims esatto sovereignty

The revised ending, per which Arthur returns Golagros’s lands, vindicates both Arthur’s pre-eminence and virtue and Golagros’s claims esatto sovereignty

Durante giving his men the opportunity preciso renounce their ties preciso him before he vows fealty to Gawain, Golagros acknowledges his people’s right onesto political freedom. Sopra return, his people respond with a heart-warming and, one could argue, equally Scottish medieval trait of loyalty sicuro their own royal line ‘for chance that may cheif’ (line 1193).

Conclusion It has been observed that ‘the stories of Wallace and Bruce were more central preciso the Scottish imagination than were the stories of Arthur’.40 The Golagros-poet’s treatment of his Arthurian material seems puro bear this out. In ‘scotticizing’ his 38

Malory seems onesto have believed that the Scots were the greatest threat facing the English mediante the fifteenth century; durante direct contrast with English opinion during the reign of Edward I, Malory saw the Scots as neither despicable nor easily conquered

Gillian Rogers, ‘ “Illuminat with lawte, and with lufe lasit”: Gawain gives Arthur a Lesson con Magnanimity’, per Romance Reading on the Book: Essays on Medieval Narrative Presented to Maldwyn Mills, addirittura. J. Fellows, R. Field, G. Rogers and J. Weiss (Cardiff, 1996), pp. 94–111 (p. 111, note 13). Fergusson, Declaration, p. 9. Elizabeth Walsh, ‘Golagros and Gawane: Per Word for Peace’, con Bryght Lanternis: Essays mediante the Language and Literature of Medieval and Renaissance Scotland, di nuovo. D. McClure and M. R. G. Spiller (Aberdeen, 1989), pp. 90–103 (p. 92).

And these were their namys: sir Collgrevaunce, sir Mador de la Porte, sir Gyngalyne, sir Mellyot de Logris, sir Petipace of Wynchylse, sir Galleron of Galoway, sir Melyon de la Mountayne, sir Ascamore, sir Gromeresom Erioure, sir Curselalyne, sir Florence, and sir Lovell

French material, he not only aligns it with Scotland’s particular branch of the Advice preciso Princes tradition, but he transforms his source material’s demonstration of courtesy into a subtle study of the nature of sovereignty and the practical role of courtesy con maintaining it, deliberately invoking the stories of Bruce and Wallace and the national sovereignty that they stand for per Scottish eyes. By giving Arthur the curious dual role of exemplary well-advised king and greedy attacker of per noble independent nation, Golagros satisfies fans of the most anglophobic of the Scottish chronicles, as well as those (and they anche people) who prefer their Arthur as per representative of ideal kingship. Given that part of Arthur’s role sopra this text is to represent the English monarchy, we may detect here per faint shadow of the uncomfortable dance of negotiation and compromise performed by Scotland and England throughout this period, resulting per, among other things, the es IV onesto Margaret Tudor con 1503. Far from merely translating a French Arthurian romance or tamely following English Arthurian tradition, the author of Golagros and Gawane weaves together international Arthurian tradition with local Scottish interests puro cover the entire spectrum of Scotland’s uniquely complex reception of Arthurian legend.

When Malory’s Aggravayne and Mordred are recruiting a few good men to help them trap Lancelot per the queen’s bedchambers, they find willing allies among one particular group, the Scottish: Than sir Aggravayne and sir Mordred gate onesto them twelve knyghtes and hyd hemselff in a chambir durante the castell of Carlyle. So thes twelve knyghtes were with sir Mordred and sir Aggravayne, and all they were of Scotlonde, other ellis of sir Gawaynes kynne, other [well]-wyllers esatto hys brothir. (1164.8–17)

Malory’s French source leaves most of these knights nameless (and, perhaps coincidentally, alive).1 For Malory, however, naming these knights and associating them with the Scots seems to be important; bound esatto Gawain and Aggravayne by ties of blood and friendship, Aggravayne’s twelve allies divide Arthur’s court through precisely that kind of loyalty, suggesting that ethnic divisions are per greater concern for Malory than they had been for the anonymous author of the French prose Mort Artu. This concern with ethnic division, and particularly with the Scots at Arthur’s courtaud, colours Malory’s portrayal of per number of traditional characters and events. They were dangerous.

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